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Description Details Customer Reviews In some parts of the world, race is a key social variable in criminological debates on crime and criminal justice practice. Yet, little has been studied regarding the issues of race and crime internationally.
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This collection fills that gap, drawing upon perspectives from 13 countries across 4 continents to provide a comparative assessment on the influence of human variations on crime discourses, offending, experiences of criminal victimization, and criminal justice responses in differing societies. Covering Europe, Australia and New Zealand, South Africa, Brazil, Canada, and the United States, and drawing on an international line-up of scholars, this book examines the similarities and differences of race, crime and criminal justice in international perspective.
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Email address subscribed successfully. Yet, they have never fully endorsed a subjective, perpetrator-based approach to defining the protected groups of genocide. Thereby, they fail to recognize the inherent subjectivity of a pre- genocidal process. Since much of our legal worldview depends on understanding objectivity, the contrast between such objective and subjective realities is further exacerbated. The law of genocide puts four categories at the disposal of the courts: the national, ethnical, racial or religious group.
However, the assignment of victims to one of the four groups cannot signify that they exist in reality, but rather that the perpetrators — and consequently the judges — assume they do. The legal classification is treated as a reality, although it actually originates in the perception of the perpetrator. Communication is here understood broadly to include any kind of utterances by the perpetrator that reveal his perception of the victim group. Dehumanization is a belief, a way of thinking, according to which some human beings only give the impression of being human.https://uhigyquzuwaj.tk
Race, Crime and Criminal Justice: International Perspectives - Google книги
Beneath the surface, however, they are not human after all. Thus, albeit having a human appearance, these dehumanized beings, in the understanding of the perpetrator, consist of an inhuman essence or, put differently, of a racial otherness. Indeed, research suggests that biologically grounded race-thinking is present prior to any instance of mass atrocity see e. Paul Taylor , p.
Commonly, the perpetrators distinguish their victims by some stigma or myth and refer to them by humiliating metaphors, a treatment they believe to be fully justified. Such ideology is then spread by propaganda that defines the victim as outside the pale of human existence and therefore susceptible to attack.
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The dehumanization of the victim group is usually necessary for the perpetrator to overcome the typical human disgust against the violence. International criminal law defines against whom the crime of genocide can be committed and, conversely, who faces punishment for committing it. Apart from genocide, international law protects members of racial groups also from the crimes against humanity of persecution and apartheid. In sum, what is the definition of race in international criminal law? In my view, race ought to be defined by means of a subjective, perpetrator-based approach.